What are cookies?

Cookies are small pieces of data, sent from the majority of websites and stored on the devices the users use to access the Internet.  Cookies contain various data, read by the website, when users revisit it. They are used by the majority of modern web sites. Cookies themselves are not harmful; they do not contain viruses or any other malevolent codes. Users have complete control of cookies, since they are able to limit or enable the storage of cookies in their browser.


Types of cookies

There are different types of cookies:

Session cookies exist from the moment the user opens the browser, to the moment the user closes it. They are used by websites to store temporary data; for example elements in the shopping cart or to achieve better safety in online banking.

Persistent cookies are stored for days, months or even years, after the user closes the browser and concludes the session. Websites use them to store data on registration, language settings, as well as to build a user’s profile and to analyse traffic.

First-party cookies are set by the website which the user browses, and can be persistent or session. Websites use these cookies to store data and reuse them the next time users visit this website.

Third-party cookies appear when web pages feature content from external websites, such as banner advertisements or tools to measure traffic. By using these cookies, data on users from different websites can be collected and used for different purposes, such as advertising, web analytics or improvement of products. These cookies present a bigger invasion into a user’s privacy.


Why are cookies necessary?

Cookies are used by the majority of websites to conveniently keep their content fresh and  relevant, as well as in line with the interests and preferences of their users. On the basis of the statistical data on the website visits, which is also enabled by cookies, website administrators can assess the effectiveness of the website design as well as the appropriate form and number of advertisements offered to users on their website.

Disabling cookies

Almost all Internet browsers accept cookies automatically. You can set your browser to disable cookies anytime. Instructions on how to disable cookies are accessible on the web pages of your browser.